Studien und Quellen


Burgomaster K. A., Howarth K. R., Phillips S.M., Rakubowchuk M., MacDonald M. J., McGee S., Gibala M. J., Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans, J. Physiol. January 1, 2008 586 (1) 151-160


Arnt Erik Tjønna, Sang Jun Lee, Øivind Rognmo, Tomas O. Stølen, Anja Bye, Per Magnus Haram, Jan Pål Loennechen, Qusai Y. Al-Share, Eirik Skogvoll, Stig A. Slørdahl, Ole J. Kemi, Sonia M. Najjar, Ulrik Wisløff, Aerobic Interval Training Versus Continuous Moderate Exercise as a Treatment for the Metabolic Syndrome, Circulation. 2008; 118: 346-354


Delmonico M. J., Lofgren I. E., Resistance Training During Weight Loss in Overweight and Obese Older Adults: What Are the Benefits? American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine July/August 2010 4: 309-313


O‘Connor P. J., Herring M. P., Caravalho A., Mental Health Benefits of Strength Training in Adults, American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine first published on May 7, 2010 doi:10.1177/1559827610368771


Jason L. Talanian, Stuart D. R. Galloway, George J. F. Heigenhauser, Arend Bonen, and Lawrence L. Spriet, Two weeks of high-intensity aerobic interval training increases the capacity for fat oxidation during exercise in women, J. Appl. Physiol. April 1, 2007 102 (4) 1439-1447


F. Marcello Iaia, Martin Thomassen, Helle Kolding, Thomas Gunnarsson, Jesper Wendell, Thomas Rostgaard, Nikolai Nordsborg, Peter Krustrup, Lars Nybo, Ylva Hellsten, and Jens Bangsbo, Reduced volume but increased training intensity elevates muscle Na+-K+ pump {alpha}1-subunit and NHE1 expression as well as short-term work capacity in humans, Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. March 1, 2008 294 (3) R966-R974


Mark Rakobowchuk, Sophie Tanguay, Kirsten A. Burgomaster, Krista R. Howarth, Martin J. Gibala, and Maureen J. MacDonald, Sprint interval and traditional endurance training induce similar improvements in peripheral arterial stiffness and flow-mediated dilation in healthy humans, Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. July 1, 2008 295 (1) R236-R242


F. Marcello Iaia, Ylva Hellsten, Jens Jung Nielsen, Maria Fernström, Kent Sahlin, and Jens Bangsbo, Four weeks of speed endurance training reduces energy expenditure during exercise and maintains muscle oxidative capacity despite a reduction in training volume J. Appl. Physiol. January 1, 2009 106 (1) 73-80


Melov S, Tarnopolsky MA, Beckman K, Felkey K, Hubbard A (2007) Resistance Exercise Reverses Aging in Human Skeletal Muscle. PLoS ONE 2(5): e465. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000465


Jonathan P. Little, Adeel Safdar, Geoffrey P. Wilkin, Mark A. Tarnopolsky, and Martin J. Gibala, A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms, J. Physiol. March 15, 2010 588 (6) 1011-1022


Fiatarone M, Marks E, Ryan N, Meredith C, Lipsitz L, Evans W. , High-intensity strength training in nonagenarians. Effects on skeletal muscle, JAMA. 1990 Jun 13;263(22):3029-34


K. A. Burgomaster, S. C. Hughes, G. J. F. Heigenhauser, S. N. Bradwell, and M. J. Gibala, Six Sessions of Sprint Interval Training Increases Muscle Oxidative Potential and Cycle Endurance Capacity in Humans, Journal of Applied Physiology 98, no. 6 (June 1, 2005): 1985-90.


E. F. Coyle, Very Intense Exercise-Training Is Extremely Potent and Time Efficient: A Reminder, Journal of Applied Physiology 98, no. 6 (June 1, 2005): 1983-83.


M. J. Gibala, J. P. Little, M. van Essen, G. P. Wilkin, K. A. Burgomaster, A. Safdar, S. Raha, and M. A. Tarnopolsky, Short-Term Sprint Interval Versus Traditional Endurance Training: Similar Initial Adaptations in Human Skeletal Muscle and Exercise Performance, Journal of Physiology 575 (2006): 901-11.


K. Koffler, A. Menkes, A. Redmond, et al., Strength Training Accelerates Gastrointestinal Transit in Middle-Aged and Older Men, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 24, no. 4 (1992): 415-19.


W. J. Evans and I. Rosenberg, Biomarkers (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992), 44; A. Keys, H. L. Taylor, and F. Grande, Basal Metabolism and Age of Adult Men, Metabolism 22 (1973): 579-87.


W. Campbell, M. Crim, C. Young, and W. Evants, Increased Energy Requirements and Changes in Body Composition with Resistance Training in Older Adults, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 60 (1994): 167-75.


B. Hurley, Does Strength Training Improve Health Status? Strength and Conditioning Journal 16 (1994): 7-13.


M. Stone, D. Blessing, R. Byrd, et al., Physiological Effects of a Short Term Resistive Training Program on Middle-Aged Untrained Men, National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal 4 (1982): 16-20;


B. Hurley, J. Hagberg, A. Goldberg, et al. Resistance Training Can Reduce Coronary Risk Factors Without Altering Vo2 Max or Percent Bodyfat, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 20 (1988): 150-54.


A. Menkes, S. Mazel, A. Redmond, et al., Strength Training Increases Regional Bone Mineral Density and Bone Remodeling in Middle-aged and Older Men, Journal of Applied Physiology 74 (1993): 2478-84.


D. Kerr, et al., Exercise Effects on Bone Mass in Postmenopausal Women Are Site-Specific and Load-Dependent, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 11, no. 2 (February 1996): 218-25.


L. C. Rail, et al., The Effect of Progressive Resistance Training in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Increased Strength Without Changes in Energy Balance or Body Composition, Arthritis Rheum 39, no. 3 (March 1996): 415-26.


B. W. Nelson, E. O’Reilly, M. Miller, M. Hogan, C. E. Kelly, and J. A. Wegner, The Clinical Effects of Intensive Specific Exercise on Chronic Low Back Pain: A Controlled Study of 895 Consecutive Patients with 1-Year Follow Up, Orthopedics 18, no. 10 (October 1995), 971-81.


S. Leggett, V. Mooney, L. N. Matheson, B. Nelson, T. Dreisinger, J. Van Zytveld, and L. Vie, Restorative Exercise for Clinical Low Back Pain (A Prospective Two-Center Study with 1-Year-Follow-Up), Spine 24, no. 9 (November 1999).


S. Risch, N. Nowell, M. Pollock, et al., Lumbar Strengthening in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients, Spine 18 (1993): 232-38.


S. P. Messier and M. E. Dill, Alterations in Strength and Maximum Oxygen Consumption Consequent to Nautilus Circuit Weight Training, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 56, no. 4 (1985): 345-51.


Wisløff U, Støylen A, Loennechen JP, Bruvold M, Rognmo Ø, Haram PM, Tjønna AE, Helgerud J, Slørdahl SA, Lee SJ, Videm V, Bye A, Smith GL, Najjar SM, Ellingsen Ø, Skjaerpe T. Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients: a randomized study. Circulation. 2007 Jun 19;115(24):3086-94.


Schjerve IE, Tyldum GA, Tjønna AE, Stølen T, Loennechen JP, Hansen HE, Haram PM, Heinrich G, Bye A, Najjar SM, Smith GL, Slørdahl SA, Kemi OJ, Wisløff U. Both aerobic endurance and strength training programmes improve cardiovascular health in obese adults. Clin Sci (Lond). 2008 Nov;115(9):283-93.


W. Wescott, Exercise Speed and Strength Development, American Fitness Quarterly 13, no. 3: 20-21.


W. Wescott, et al., Effects of Regular and Slow Speed Training on Muscle Strenght, Master Trainer 9, no. 4: 14-17.


M. A. Rogers and W. J. Evans, Changes in Skeletal Muscle with Aging: Effects of Exercise Training, Exercise and Sport Science Reviews 21 (1993): 65-102.


Van Dusen, Allison (October 20, 2008). "Ten ways to get more from your workout" . ^ Van Dusen, Allison (20. Oktober 2008). "Zehn Wege, um mehr aus Ihrem Training zu bekommen" . Forbes . http://www.forbes.com/2008/10/20/exercise-workout-shorter-forbeslife-cx_avd_1020health.html . Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2008/10/20/exercise-workout-shorter-forbeslife-cx_avd_1020health.html . Retrieved December 14, 2008 . Abgerufen 14. Dezember 2008.


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Gibala, Martin J; Jonathan P. Little, Martin van Essen, Geoffrey P. Wilkin, Kirsten A. Burgomaster, Adeel Safdar, Sandeep Raha and Mark A. Tarnopolsky (September 15 2006). "Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance" . J Physiol 575 (3): ^ Gibala, Martin J;


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East Tennessee State University Thesis ^ East Tennessee State University Thesis


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